What Is Googlebot Indexing?- How To Optimize Your Site


Are looking for Googlebot Indexing information. Look no further. I have you covered.

Googlebot crawls web pages via links.

It finds and reads new and updated content and suggests what should be added to the index. Thus the index is Google’s brain.

The web crawler uses algorithms to determine what sites to browse, what rates to browse at, and how many pages to fetch from. So the Google crawler begins with a list generated from previous sessions. 

This list is then augmented by the sitemaps provided by webmasters. Thus the software crawls all linked elements in the webpages it browses, noting new sites, updates to sites, and dead links. 

In this article, I will discuss:

  • What Google indexing is.
  • How to Prevent Google web crawlers from indexing your site.
  • How Googlebots Index Pages.
  • How to check for Google crawling and indexing issues
  • How to optimize your ite for Google web spiders indexing

What Really Is Googlebot Indexing?

In general, Googlebot indexing refers to the addition of URLs to the database of Google.

Google crawler collects documents from the web to build Google’s search index. So through constantly gathering documents, the software discovers new pages and updates to existing pages. Googlebot uses a distributed design, spanning many computers so it can grow as the web does.

These web spiders, also known as crawlers are divided into two, namely:

  • a desktop crawler (to simulate desktop users) and 
  • a mobile crawler (to simulate a mobile user).

The information gathered is used to update Google’s index of the web. The crawler has a few important jobs. The two most significant things it does are:

  • Explore web pages for new links to follow, in order to find and index as much content as possible.
  • Gather information about each page it finds, keeping Google’s database up to date.

A website will probably be crawled by both Googlebot Desktop and Googlebot Mobile. 

However, Google announced that starting from September 2020, all sites were switched to mobile-first indexing, meaning Google is crawling the web using a smartphone Google Web spider.

The subtype of the crawler can be identified by looking at the user agent string in the request. 

However, both crawler types obey the same product token in robots.txt, and so a developer cannot selectively target either mobile or Googlebot desktop using robots.txt.

How often the spider will crawl a site depends on the crawl budget. Therefore, the crawl budget is an estimation of how often a website is updated.

Technically, Googlebot’s development team (Crawling and Indexing team) uses several defined terms internally to take over what “crawl budget” stands for.

Since May 2019, the Google crawler uses the latest Chromium rendering engine, which supports ECMAScript 6 features. 

This will make the bot a bit more “evergreen” and ensure that it is not relying on an outdated rendering engine compared to browser capabilities.

How To Prevent Googlebot From Indexing Your Site

If a webmaster wishes to restrict the information on their site available to a Google crawler, or another well-behaved spider. 

They can do so with the appropriate directives in a robots.txt file, or by adding the meta tag <meta name=”Googlebot” content=”nofollow” /> to the web page.

The crawler requests to Web servers are identifiable by a user-agent string containing “Googlebot” and a host address containing “googlebot.com”.

How Do Googlebots Index Pages?

It does two primary functions:

  • Crawling: Surf the Internet for content, looking over the code/content for each URL they find.
  • Indexing: Store and organize the content found during the crawling process. Once a page is in the index, it’s in the running to be displayed as a result to relevant queries.

What is search engine crawling?

Crawling is the process by which search engines discover updated content on the web, such as new sites or pages, changes to existing sites, and dead links.

So it’s a discovery process in which search engines send out a team of robots (known as crawlers or spiders) to find new and updated content. 

Content can vary. Thus it could be a webpage, an image, a video, a PDF, but regardless of the format, content is discovered by links.

It starts out by fetching a few web pages and then follows the links on those web pages to find new URLs. 

By hopping along this path of links, the crawler can find new content and add it to their index called Caffeine.

A massive database of discovered URLs. These are later retrieved when a searcher is seeking information that the content on that URL is a good match for.

Different strategies can be placed within the code to make sure that the bots can crawl a page in the most effective and efficiently:

  • Create a sitemap: holds a complete list of a website’s pages and primarily lets bots know what to crawl
  • Add Schema: a “roadmap” for the bots to crawl a page productively.
  • Disallow content within the Robots.txt file that isn’t necessary to search
  • Site speed: if a page loads too slow the robot will leave before it can crawl the full page

What is a search engine index?

Search engines process and store information they find in an index, a huge database of all the content they’ve discovered and deem good enough to serve up to searchers.

Thus below are a few ways to ensure that your pages are getting indexed:

  • Submitting sitemap to Google Search Console – a way to help search engines perceive your website
  • Submitting pages for indexing to Google Search Console – tells Google you have updated content. Google likes updated content
  • Create a blog – websites with blogs get indexed more

Is It Possible To See How a Googlebot Is Indexing My Pages?

Yes, the cached version of your page will reflect a snapshot of the last time Google spider crawled it.

Google crawls and caches web pages at different frequencies. Thus more established, well-known sites that post frequently are crawled often.

You can also view the text-only version of your site to determine if your important content is being crawled and cached effectively.

How To Check For Google Crawling And Indexing Issues

You can see how Google is indexing your website with the command “site:” – a special search operator. Enter this into Google’s search box to see all the pages they have indexed on your website:


You can check for all the pages that share the same directory (or path) on your site if you include that in the search query:


So check that the titles and descriptions are indexed in a way that provides the best experience. Make sure there are no unexpected, weird pages or something indexed that should not be.

How To Optimize Your Site For Googlebot Indexing

Let’s run through some of the most vital SEO strategies for making Googlebot’s job easier. To get started, you’ll want to:

  • Ensure that your site is made visible to search engines. You can easily accomplish this by using a setting in your WordPress dashboard.
  • Don’t use ‘nofollow’ links on your site, or keep them to a minimum. So these links specifically tell crawlers like Google spider not to follow them to their source. Crucially, you should never nofollow an internal link (one to another section or page of your own site).
  • Create a sitemap for your website. This is a list of all your site’s pages and key information about them, organized in a way that’s easy for the spider to understand. If you have a sitemap, it will be Googlebot’s go-to resource for learning about your site and finding all of its content. Fortunately, you can create one easily using Yoast SEO and many similar plugins.
  • Make use of the Google Search Console. With this set of tools, you can accomplish a lot of vital tasks. For example, you can submit your sitemap, so the crawler will find it more quickly. Plus, you can find out if there are any crawl-related errors on your pages, and find advice about how to fix them.
  • Avoid duplicate content. The duplicate content greatly reduces the exploration rate because Google considers that you use its resources to crawl the same thing.

Types Of Googlebots Used In Indexing Pages

Here is a list of the best known and most important with their name “User-agent””:

  • Googlebot (desktop) Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; Googlebot/2.1; +http://www.google.com/bot.html)
  • Googlebot (mobile) Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; Android 6.0.1; Nexus 5X Build/MMB29P) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/41.0.2272.96 Mobile Safari/537.36 (compatible; Googlebot/2.1; +http://www.google.com/bot.html)
  • Googlebot Video Googlebot-Video/1.0
  • Googlebot Images Googlebot-Image/1.0
  • and Googlebot News Googlebot-News

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Googlebot is therefore a small robot that visits your site daily, looking for new information to index. If you have made wise technical choices for your site, it will come frequently and crawl many pages s

If you provide it with fresh content regularly, it will come back even more often.

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